by Alan Leo
|Growth and Development
Jupiter As Intermediary
Jupiter in the Horoscope
Jupiter Paired With Saturn
Jupiter and Wisdom
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From the tiniest cell in the physical body to the whole aura (which in some cases estends many feet from the body; in the case of the Lord Buddha it is said to have extended three miles) Jupiter's influence manifests daily. While Saturn contracts and densifies, Jupiter expands and liberates. Thus Saturn is the Lord of fate and Jupiild and Saturn for that ordering power which 'strikes its being into bounds', as Tennyson puts it.
A similar process is seen in that differentiation of the animal group-soul which results in the individualised human soul, Saturn here being the growing mind, separative and restrictive in its operation, and Jupiter the resulting individuality in its egg-shaped sphere of aura which has been called the 'auric egg'. Applied in another way, Saturn stands for that mental concentration which results in the bv">Growth and Development The influence streaming from each planet is, to us, mysterious in its effect upon the subtle bodies of human beings; but there is a mystery concerning Jupiter's influence that is much more profound than that of the other planets, for it is concerned with those subtle bodies in a manner that cannot be understood without a clear knowledge of man's seven principles. In every sense of the word, Jupiter governs man's possessions, and is therefore in very truth the planeth mutable 'double' signs. It may seem at first sight that we have departed from this analogy in calling Jupiter the first step downwards into limitation; but this is not really so: for beyond the Universe with its highest forms of matter, life, and consciousness, is the Creator the Source of all three. Jupiter thus becomes, as it were, the agent or vehicle between the Creator and the created: a messenger bringing the higher influence downwards and a vehicle raising the lower consciousness upwards. Its theological correspondence to the second person of the various trinities is here obvious; and it may be noted that in one respect it pairs off with Mercury, the ruler of the two remaining (and opposite) mutable signs.
Both these planets seem to be correspondences of the 'sattvic guna' or harmonious temperament; but in terms of consciousness this represents a state much higher than anything we can realise today: all we can do, therefore, is to compare it with forms of consciousness which we can realise. Mercury then becomes the representative of the 'knowing' half of this state, and Jupiter that of the 'feeling' half of it. The state itself is not really split up like this, for there the two become one; but in vainly trying to realise it we cannot avoid splitting it up. The nearest approach to this state of consciousness is perhaps seen in the true intuition by which, of course, is not meant psychic impression or mere fancy.
Jupiter is usually described as temperately warm; it is thus contrasted on the one hand with Mars, which may be described as intemperately hot; and on the other hand with Saturn, which is intemperately cold. Each of these three planets has its good influence and each its bad. Saturn may represent steadfastness and strength of will; or sluggishness and extreme selfishness. Mars may stand for that strength which consists not so much of steadfastness as of resistless energy and activity; or it may represent unintelligent restlessness and purposeless destructiveness. Jukewarmness or even coldness of temperament. And yet, in spite of these points of resemblance, Jupiter never loses its own characteristics; and what these are, in the various departments of human nature, we will now begin to summarise.
The fruitful side of the planet is seen in its influence upon money matters; but here a good aspect from some other planet is much more important than Jupiter taken alone, especially if one of the two is in the second, eighth, or tenth house, or has dignity therein. It gives gain quite as much by 'good luck' as by merit or industry, being the 'rewarder of past Karma'.
In good aspect to Mars, it gains by personal work and enterprise the native being, however, a lavish spender; to Mercury, through educational and intellectual pursuits and those of that planet generally, and also travel; to the Moon, through the mother and family. In short, when Jupiter is in good aspect to any planet and one of the two has influence over money through its house position or rulership, there will be gain through things signified by that planet. In this respect, however, it is necessary to look at all points of the horoscope and not to predict from one aspect only. For instance, a luminary in good aspect to Jupiter will not bring much from the parent if the tenth and fourth houses are afflicted. Saturn in good aspect to Jupiter is particularly favourable for money and possessions, and there is usually gain through the father and by legacy. This influence often gives considerable practical financial ability, especially if assisted by the enterprise of Mars or the good luck and caution of Venus and the Moon.
Jupiter in good aspect to the cusp of the Ascendant or the luminaries is extremely good for the health. It often stimulates the growth and increases the size of the body.
Jupiter has very close relations with the inner world of the feelings: in fact its influence may almost be said to originate here, and then to pass outwardly into action on the one hand or inwardly into intellect on the other. The person born under a well-aspected and dignified Jupiter is humane, benevolent, philanthropic, sympathetic, honourable, sincere, devout, social, popular, and respected; and the planet's influence is favourable for friendship and marriage, for all family and social relationships, and for all religious and charitable enterprises.
Its less desirable qualities vary a great deal according to the nature of the afflicting planet and the type of horoscope. What may be called its negative side, that is, when afflicted by adverse aspects, etc., sometimes causes lack of candour, concealment of motives, underhand dealing, subterfuge, etc., and also irresolution, sloth, hypocrisy chiefly when afflicted in negative signs or by negative planets or when the general nature of the horoscope is negative. Its positive side gives too much impulse, an impetuous, dogmatic, or self-righteous nature, lacking in discretion and acting in haste, perhaps from very praiseworthy motives but often having cause to repent at leisure. When afflicted by Mars, the religious side of its influence is largely spoilt, and the native is either hostile to ordinary religion or too rash and extreme in support of it; and all the disabilities of the positive side of the planet are liable to come out, as they also may when the Sun afflicts.
Jupiter gives considerable appreciation of society life and its functions, with a desire for the good opinion of the world and the favour of the great. The native is usually on the 'correct' side, and moves with the fashion of the day; is orthodox not only in religious observances but in social customs as well, or at least is careful not to overstep the limits of 'good form'. It is this tendency in the ordinary person, no doubt, that explains why Jupiter has sometimes been taken as the type of commonplace orthodox exotericism. One of the Hindu fables has it that the Moon God eloped with Jupiter's wife, and the union of the two resulted in the birth of Mercury. Here Jupiter is taken as ordinary exoteric religion; the Moon stands for the awakening psychic faculty; and Mercury for that first-hand personal experience and knowledge, as distinguished from faith, which results from it.
When in good aspect to the mental rulers, Jupiter generally gives much openness of mind, 'common sense', tact or persuasiveness, and sound judgment. The mind is plastic, receptive, fertile, and sensible. While Jupiter cannot give intellect pure and simple, yet if combined with Mercury or Uranus it may vivify and fertilise almost any of the higher regions of the mind philosophic and scientific, or oratorical, imaginative, poetic, etc., giving breadth of horizon, intuitive grasp, power of mental combination, mental fruitfulness and vigour. It keeps the mind healthy and gives cheerfulness, hopefulness, mental balance, and good humour.
When in affliction with Mercury, some of the drawbacks above mentioned will show out, positive or negative according to the sign; when in affliction with the Moon, they are more likely to be of the negative type unless the signs involved are very positive; but in any case of affliction, the evils mentioned may quite likely be due to no great moral fault on the part of the native, being rather forced upon him by the exigencies of circumstances, fate, or Karma rather than character. In some cases, even when the native of Jupiter does wrong, he may do it from what seem to him to be honest, sufficient, and conscientious motives, however much others may condemn him. This, however, is not always the case, for it often accompanies the positive sign of affliction; and it does not alter the fact that the extreme of Jupiter's negative evil may be deceit and hypocrisy.
In aspect with Venus or the Moon, Jupiter strengthens the imagination; and in strong aspect to both there may be an intense appreciation of the beautiful, with extreme ideality.
Hence Saturn inclines to form or ceremony and all external methods of worship, Jupiter to devotion through service, benevolent actions, and pure sympathy. Saturn represents justice, stern and rigid impartiality; Jupiter represents mercy, forgiveness, and compassion.
We have in them, as 'pairs of opposites', love and hatred, pleasure and pain, life and form; they are, in fact, counterparts or complements, being 'subjective' and 'objective' expressions on one plane of manifestation of the same eternal spirit, the Sun and Centre of all things. Saturn therefore has sympathy with the Moon, and Jupiter with the Sun.
In all readings of nativities it is wise and profitable to study these two planets at the same time, looking upon Jupiter as the representative of all that is beneficent, generous, free, and good; thus favouring all advantages and inclining to service, charity, philanthropy, kindness, and general good will. It is an evil influence in the life only when afflicted by Mars, or when not working harmoniously with its formative half, Saturn.
When afflicted by Mars, the liberal and large-hearted tendencies of Jupiter are turned into prodigality, extravagance, dissipation, and wastefulness, but when free from these afflictions and well placed in any horoscope, the native is what is generally termed 'lucky' or fortunate, being happy and contented, thus courting those conditions which lead to prosperity and success.
In all who absorb more of Jupiter's vibrations that Saturn's, the disposition is mirthful and joyous, hopeful and trustful, expectant and confident; but when the disposition is affected by the afflictions of Saturn then the native becomes hypocritical and deceitful, or presumptuous and boastful. If Saturn is well aspected by Jupiter, the native has good judgment, is a lover of justice, a good arbitrator, and one well able to compare and review in a methodical and dispassionate manner.
Jupiter in good aspect gives discrimination, understanding, and judgment to all who come under his benign influence, and when the whole life is dominated by this benefic influence the native is ever merciful, compassionate, gracious, humane, and sympathetic.
Jupiter is the planetary representative of the Roman God of the same name; Zeus of the Greeks; Brihaspati or Brahmanhaspati of the Hindus (called also Guru by Hindu astrologers); the Scandinavian Thor; Ammon of Egypt; with other names in other mythologies and religions. Astrologically and mystically it has a great variety of interpretations, depending on whether it is employed in the highest spiritual sense (whether cosmic or human), in a lower personal sense, or physically only. It was termed the 'greater fortune' by the ancient astrologers, and its influence was considered very benign and propitious; nevertheless, although modern experience entirely confirms this view in a general sense, it is yet certain that by the abuse of a so-called bad aspect, the planet can work much evil.